Copyright Michael Karbo, Denmark, Europe.

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    Chapter 5. The actual installation

    When all your data is stored and the drivers and installation files are ready on the D-drive, then it is time to start installing Windows XP.

    It is usually very simple (although time-consuming) to install Windows XP. The easiest way of doing it is to put the Windows CD-ROM in the computer's drive and then ask the machine to boot from CD. All modern computers can do this. In some cases you will have to do it via the computer's Setup program, where you can state that the CD-ROM drive should be the first boot device. Then you can start the computer directly from the Windows CD.

    In many cases you will just have to click on buttons such as Next and OK lots of times while the installation almost runs by itself. Here are, however, a couple of comments on the process.

    Figure 31. The installation is under way.

    Options during installation

    The very first step in the installation is the copying of lots of files from the CD-ROM to the hard disk. If the hard disk is connected to the motherboard via a RAID controller, then this can disturb the installations program.

    The hard disk is normally connected to the motherboard's standard controller. There are no problems here. But some motherboards have an extra RAID controller, which is used to connect still more hard disks.

    If the installation's hard disk is connected to a RAID channel, then Windows needs a driver to the RAID controller. The motherboard's driver diskette has to be ready very early in the installation process. The program will ask if there are RAID or SCSI controllers in the machine (type in 6, if this is the case).

    Figure 32. If Windows is to be installed on a hard disk, which is installed on the motherboard's RAID controller, then you will need a diskette drive.

    A RAID driver is the only driver it is necessary to load already during the installation of Windows XP. But you can easily wait to install the driver later it just isn't active while Windows is installed. Drivers for the installation of Windows are found on a CD-ROM together with the other motherboard drivers, which will also have to be installed when the computer is processed.

    An upgrade or a new installation

    If you have a full version of Windows XP, then you can choose whether the current Windows on the hard disk should be updated or whether you should perform a new installation.

    If you have a well-functioning Windows 2000 on your C drive, then you can choose a new installation. Windows XP can then be placed on the D drive, after which both operating systems can operate 'side by side. This produces a little start menu when you start your computer up, where you can select, which operating system should be activated.

    Figure 33. New installation means that you can, for example, keep Windows 2000 together with Windows XP.

    Advanced settings

    The advanced settings you can select in this screen image also give you options for controlling the installation:

    You can select the folder in which the program should be stored:

    Figure 34. The advanced settings make it possible for you to control the Windows installation yourself.

    You can also choose to convert the drive's file system to NTFS, if it is formatted with the old FAT system:

    There is no doubt that NTFS is a better system than FAT especially for the modern big hard disks. If you sometimes need to use Windows 98 or a DOS boot diskette, then you can store FAT on the disk concerned, because only Windows 2000 or XP can read NTFS formatted disks.

    NTFS is definitely recommended for all drives over 32 GB. With hard disks with 80 GB or more you will experience an obviously improved output. The files are much less fragmented with NTFS.

    Language settings

    There is a small detail, which is worth mentioning. During the installation you get the chance to select the language settings:

    Click on the Details button. Then you can remove the irritating English keyboard layout, which is installed in Windows as standard.

    Figure 35. Remove the English keyboard layout already during the installation. It only gives problems.

    Network with drive partitions

    If you have several computers in a network, then it is really smart if you divide the drive between them. In this way you can, for example, easily make security copies from the one computer to the other.

    Windows install as standard only the network protocol TCP / IP, which is used for the Internet. If you want to have a partitioned drive on the net, then installing yet another protocol will be an advantage. Select the user defined network settings:

    Then add the NetBIOS protocol like this:

    Figure 36. You can easily divide disk drives and other resources across a local net with this protocol.

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