Adobe Photoshop Tutorial. Copyright Michael B. Karbo.
13. Patterns and more
In this part of the booklet you work with selections and free scraping. Permit us here to lead you slightly astray; we would like to introduce the pattern concept.
Patterns are small pictures, which can be used for backgrounds and much more. Photoshop comes with a number of ready made patterns, but you can also make new patterns yourself. We will show both, and in the following chapter we make two web-optimized verions of the teddy bear with two different backgrounds.
Install ready made patterns
Photoshop comes with some decorative patterns. Let us try them:
1. You have the image file peter plys.psd read in. Open a new layer by pressing Control+Shift-+n.
2. Rename the layer to pattern1 , and move it down under the plys layer:
3. Now this layer needs to be filled with a pattern. Here is a smart shortcut: press Shift-+Backspace (The Backspace key is located above Enter). This shortcut opens the dialog box Fill. Notice that it needs to read Pattern in the Use field:
5. You see the list with patterns, but there are not very many. So click on the small arrow in the upper right of the box:
6. In the bottom of the dialog box that opens you see Photoshop’s complete supply of patterns, which are divided in seven categories:
7. You might as well install them all; the patterns are handy to have available.
8. Click on the top category Artist Surfaces and then on the button Append:
9. Repeat the procedure the remaining 6 categories of patterns (Nature Patterns etc.).
11. Use the small handle in the bottom right to enlarge the window, so you can see more patterns at a time. Drag out to get 8 patterns in each row as shown here:
12. You need to choose one of the patters. Choose Blue Daisies, which we have in the fifth row:
13. Click OK. Now you can see the pattern in place. It fills the whole background, so the teddy bear sits on a carpet of flowers.
14. Try some of the other paterns for yourself – there is a wealth of possibilities!
You can also define your own patterns based on any open picture or a part thereof. You can make a square selection of an area and then use the command Edit --> Define Pattern; but you have to try that for yourself. Here we look at Photoshop’s pattern supply.
1. Make sure that the plys layer is selected in the layer palette. Then choose menu items Filter --> Pattern Maker. That opens this large dialog box:
2. Now you need to make a small selection around the text on the teddy bear’s sweater:
3. In the right side of the dialog box you need to define the pattern’s size (in pixels). Enter 96 in the fields Width and Height:
4. Click on Generate:
5. Now you see the finished pattern in the large window:
6. That looks quite amusing. But try to see other variants of the pattern. Click on the button Generate Again:
7. Click a few more times on the same button. For each click, the filter makes a new variant of the pattern.
9. When you have decided to save one of the patterns, you click on the small diskette icon to the left:
10. Name the pattern plys1, and click OK. Now the picture is included in Photoshop’s pattern library. We no longer need the large Pattern makers dialog box. Close it by pressing Escape.
11. Select the layer pattern 1, and insert a new layer. Name it pattern 2:
12. Select the Fill dialog box again with the shortcut Shift-+Backspace, and fill the new layer with the pattern plys1:
13. Save image file – that is important, because it is finished now. You see the result in Figure 24 on page 60.